Chief among these lessons are that public health interventions, even those as basic as condom distribution for HIV prevention, must be sensitive to the sexual culture and context. The harsh and isolating environment described for inmates labelled as homosexuals suggests a deficit in social and financial resources that these inmates may seek to fill through sexual relationships.
With increased knowledge, the double stigma of HIV and homosexuality also seems to have decreased over time. HIV among gay and other men who have sex with men in Latin America and the Caribbean: a hidden epidemic? Prior to the HIV testing programme, qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with inmates to identify barriers to programme implementation.
They felt that he wanted to bring them down and even bring shame to their families and friends, and this prompted them to be violent. Close-ups on cocktail glasses that are being filled with colourful mixtures connote the flashy lifestyle of the jet set characters Capote mixed with.
Used in this way stigma becomes a scapegoat for what might otherwise be considered deviant behaviour. Herek G. Finally, in addressing stigma related to HIV and to homosexuality, it is necessary to understand both the production and the function of this social construct.